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Old Sep 26, 2013, 1:23 PM   #1
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Default Chicakamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park

No military park would be complete without the cannons. CCNMP has over 200 of them throughout the park. One of my learning points was that these guns were hand-placed by the veterans of the battle a couple of decades after the war. The carriages, for the most part, are replicas. But, the guns themselves are authentic.









There were two types of guns used during this period. Smooth-bore and rifled. The smooth bore was less accurate and had less range. The rifled gun put a spin on the projectile making it much more accurate and giving it a greater range.

Example of a rifled gun. The rifling components are called, for obvious reasons, "grooves" and "lans"


Example of a smooth bore. When enemy troops would get into close quarter range, they would load the guns with "grape shot", making the piece a giant shotgun. When they ran out of grape shot, they would load with rocks, sticks, and pretty much anything they could get their hands on that would fit down the barrel.


Also used during this period were solid shot and shells. The shell explodes over the enemy troops sending hundreds of pieces of shrapnel in all directions. Solid shot was like shooting an iron bowling ball into the enemy lines. Most times solid shot was not very effective because the troops could see them coming and step aside. However, they still produced their fair share of casualties on those that were paying attention. This is the effect of solid shot on a 6-pounder Napoleon.



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Last edited by gjtoth; Sep 26, 2013 at 1:46 PM.
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Old Sep 30, 2013, 3:40 PM   #2
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Nice pics.
That is some impressive hardware.
I imagine the casualty numbers must have been horrendous.

Cheers
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Old Sep 30, 2013, 8:59 PM   #3
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Talyllyn View Post
Nice pics.
That is some impressive hardware.
I imagine the casualty numbers must have been horrendous.

Cheers
The Battle of Chickamauga produced the second highest number of casualties in the Civil War -- close to 40,000 with approximate 10,000 of those dead -- second only to Gettysburg (51,000 casualties).

Thanks for looking. I was beginning to think the post was invisible.
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