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Old Jan 15, 2012, 8:55 AM   #1
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Took these today as we have a lovely frost, i think it makes things look so pretty.
Anyway, i could use some help on these, i am not happy with them, they are not as clear and crisp as i keep trying for.
What am i doing wrong?
They are all hand held and all taken at ISO 80 F3.6/7. WIH LC55 lens
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Old Jan 15, 2012, 9:14 AM   #2
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Originally Posted by eysha View Post
Took these today as we have a lovely frost, i think it makes things look so pretty.
Anyway, i could use some help on these, i am not happy with them, they are not as clear and crisp as i keep trying for.
What am i doing wrong?
They are all hand held and all taken at ISO 80 F3.6/7. WIH LC55 lens

What was the shutter speed for these and pigeon picture?
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Old Jan 15, 2012, 9:59 AM   #3
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First one is 1/50 ISO80 SPOT F3.6
Second one is F3.7 1/60 ISO 80 PATTERN
Last one is F3.7 1/60 ISO 80 PATTERN
Pigeon no head is 1/500 @iso160 f4.4 pattern
other pigeon s 1/[email protected] iso 125 f4.4 pattern
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Old Jan 15, 2012, 10:36 AM   #4
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First one is 1/50 ISO80 SPOT F3.6
Second one is F3.7 1/60 ISO 80 PATTERN
Last one is F3.7 1/60 ISO 80 PATTERN
Pigeon no head is 1/500 @iso160 f4.4 pattern
other pigeon s 1/[email protected] iso 125 f4.4 pattern
The first looks the sharpest to me but it's a small picture online so it's a bit hard to tell. But you used spot focus on that one. The other plant pictures used "pattern" focus so the camera did the focusing on what it thought best. If you want sharp focus decide on what you want in focus. Do you all the plant, a leaf, a certain area? When I shot my macros I always use spot focus - that way I choose the area that I want to emphasize.
The next thing to consider is the Depth of Field - DOF. The plants have several levels or areas of depth. Do I want the whole plant focused or just a small section? To get more "depth" in focus the F stop has to higher ( the higher the F stop number the "depth " of focus you will get. BUT................ when you do that you will need more light - that's why the shutter speed will go down when you make the f stop higher. You want to keep the shutter up to avoid "camera" shake which causes blurring.
The next issue is the ISO - 80 gives you great detail and less noise but you need a lot of light to do this. Moving the ISO up to 100- 200 400 etc will give you the ability to choose higher shutter speeds and higher f stop numbers BUT...... it creates more "noise" in the picture the higher the ISO.
So what do I do?????????????

One thing that will help is using the flash.
It will freeze the motion on most things (mainly camera shake and subject movement). And you can stay at ISO 80 or 100 to get the best quality out of the picture and use a higher F stop number.

So - use flash - ISO 80 or 100 - higher F stop number - (the shutter will be auto matic if you use the flash) and spot focus to choose the area you want.

Some folks don't want flash - so do this..................

Use Spot focus
- shutter speed above 1/60
- highest F stop you can use (remember - as the f stop goes up the shutter speed will adjust down)
- Choose the lowest ISO number that allows you the best F stop and shutter speed - which all depends on the light.

If you can't keep the shutter speed up - use a tripod - it's really a great tool to help you get good sharp focused shots.

It's all a balancing act of light and camera setting.
Simple as pie...................... but I've never made a pie!!!
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Old Jan 15, 2012, 1:30 PM   #5
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It's all a balancing act of light and camera setting.
Clint, i keep falling off,lol.
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Old Jan 15, 2012, 4:51 PM   #6
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Great write up by Clint. Yes I also think that you had limited light, and flash should help.
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Old Jan 15, 2012, 5:43 PM   #7
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Will try that tomorrow and see what i can come up with. Thanks again Clint.
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